Title II: Years of Uncertainty, Litigation and Consumer Harm
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No Public Utility Regulation of the Internet
The Internet is the fastest deploying technology in world history. It's a 21st Century engine of innovation that provides an open platform for entrepreneurs, visionaries, and kids in their garages to follow their dreams. And it didn't happen by accident.
The Internet works for Americans because government had wisely chosen to let the web grow and thrive without burdensome regulation that can increase consumer bills, choke progress and smother innovation. But instead of continuing this path of tremendous success, the FCC recently approved a massive regulatory regime that piles on thousands of new rules all in the name of preserving net neutrality. These rules, called Title II, aren't necessary for net neutrality and they certainly aren't going to increase competition or make the Internet faster, better or more innovative.
The FCC's unnecessary action is legally questionable and will result in years of litigation and marketplace uncertainty. The good news is that Congress can act to deliver the permanent net neutrality protections that consumers are demanding.
PROTECT NET NEUTRALITY BY MAKING IT THE LAW
Tell Congress to Make Net Neutrality Permanent
With Title II, the FCC has imposed heavy new Internet regulation that goes far beyond widely supported net neutrality protections. Title II will increase consumer costs, slow investment and innovation and cause years of uncertainty. But Congress can step in. Bipartisan legislation can protect consumers while promoting the investment needed to continue expanding and improving America’s broadband networks. Let's choose a future that embraces progress, not expensive regulations.
Interactive Time Line
Net Neutrality: Where We Are & How We Got Here
July 20, 1999
FCC Chairman Kennard, appointed by President Clinton, establishes a policy of a light regulatory touch for the Internet's early days.
March 14, 2002
FCC Chairman Michael Powell classifies broadband Internet access as a Title I interstate information service.
June 5, 2003
Law professor Tim Wu coins the term “net neutrality” in his paper “Network Neutrality, Broadband Discrimination.”
February 8, 2004
FCC Chairman Powell introduces “Four Internet Freedoms,” Freedom to (1) access content; (2) run applications; (3) attach devices; (4) obtain service plan information.
March 3, 2005
The FCC negotiates an agreement with Madison River Communication where Madison River agrees to “refrain from blocking” phone calls.
June 27, 2005
In FCC vs. Brand X, the Supreme Court upholds FCC’s authority to define the classification of broadband as an information service under Title I.
September 23, 2005
FCC reclassifies Internet access across the phone network, including DSL, as a Title I information service.
August 1, 2008
Comcast vs. BitTorrent decision by FCC Chairman Martin – FCC hands Comcast a cease-and-desist order.
December 21, 2010
FCC Open Internet Order makes net neutrality rules official FCC regulation for the first time.
April 6, 2010
U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit dismisses the FCC's cease and desist order against Comcast.
January 14, 2014
In Verizon vs. FCC, DC Circuit rules that as a Title I information service, FCC has no authority to adopt net neutrality regulations.
November 10, 2014
President Obama calls on the FCC to reclassify broadband as Title II.
February 26, 2015
FCC votes to 3-2 to classify the Internet as a public utility under Title II of The Communications Act.